عنوان مقاله [English]
S. Zandkarimi* P. Yaghoubi Janbesaraei**
As admitted by many researchers and even authors of children's stories, children's literature is mostly unidirectional as well as dictational. Not only do children not have a role in creating such children's works, but even their being the audience, as children, is not being considered. In these stories there is always a huge long shadow cast as the author/narrator that constantly prescribes. The range of this shadow, sometimes continues into the form of the powerful tyrannical character of the story as well, and demonstrates itself against the minor feeble character of the story with whom the young audience can identify. Much of the mentioned authoritarianism is a result of employing metalanguage and generating different forms of explicit and implicit margins through which the author establishes a unidirectional and vertical interaction with the reader/listener. Despite this authoritarian characteristic which is discerned in using the metalanguage, another competence, even paradoxical, lies in that which can lead to a horizontal and equal interaction. The mentioned case's examples can be traced in some children's stories by Farhad Hassanzadeh. In the present research, horizontal interaction and metalanguage-oriented methods of the author/narrator with its audience, in the four stories Div e Dig Be Sar (Demon with a Pot on the Head), Agha Rangi Va Gorbeye Naghola (Mr Colorful and the Clever Cat), Hamaan Lenge Kafshe Banafsh (The Same Purple Shoe) and Do Loghmeye Charb o Narm (Two Creamy Chewy Bites), by Farhad Hassanzadeh, have been classified and explained using a descriptional-analytical procedure. The outcome demonstrates that the author, with an inclination to metalanguage and creating sidetracks, strives to establish a horizontal interaction between the author/narrator and the reader/listener through the contribution of the reader/listener or one of the characters, in the story, with whom children identify, so that it is as if the child, himself/herself, has written the story he is supposed to hear or narrate.
Keywords: Children's Stories, Farhad Hassanzadeh, Metalanguage, Avoiding Dictation, Horizontal Interaction, Audience's Contribution.
* MA Student of Persian Language & Literature, firstname.lastname@example.org
** Associate Prof. of Persian Language & Literature, email@example.com