عنوان مقاله [English]
The satire genre is considered as one of the most popular and the most eminent approach in literature that contains the various courses and is obtained from the different ways. One of the well-known theorists of the satire is Ivan fonagy, the Hungarian linguist that has considered the various concepts of the satire and its approaches. The fonagy theory about satire is a good criteria for the consider of satire in the different and various literary works as he has viewed the satire not only itself but also from psychological and linguistically views. Fonagy also has expressed some differences in using the satire in the various genres of literature such as: the children literature or the lyric literature. He has divided making satire in the fictional children literature in two main cases including the deviation of the norm and the verbal games in a broad view. And has explained some parts for these two sections. In this article, the stories contained in nine important works by Shahram Shafiei are: pinky sings, heel stories 1 and 2, uninhabited islands, and Wild West's story series including: looking for a dense nose, a cheesecake for Body, cat in stockings, what color do I wear? And kindly beer in the field of child literature, according to his fundraising opinions and his division into satirical methods in the literature of the child, have been criticized. The results show that the main feature of the satire of Hefi's stories is its use of the components of "deviation from the standard". Also, comparative satire style (like funny analogies) is the most used way to humorize the text in the works of Shahram Shafiee.