عنوان مقاله [English]
Eco-criticism is a new approach in literary studies that seeks to bridge the gap between literature and the environment, given the increasing environmental concerns in recent decades. Ecofeminism is also a branch of eco-criticism that seeks to prove the claim that male culture has historically inflicted irreparable damage on women and nature. According to this theory, men are related more to culture and women more to nature. Although this idea is itself strongly opposed by feminists themselves, a historical study of the subject shows that women have always, willingly or unwillingly, more than men, connected with nature which is the main source of human food production because women have played a key role in providing food for the family. On the other hand, in all eras, especially in recent decades when the issue of ecological vulnerability to industrial advances has been addressed, women have taken far more serious steps than men to protect the environment.
Farhad Hassanzadeh's novel "Hasti" is the story of a teenage girl who is forced to leave her hometown with her family in the early days of the war against Iraq. This novel, in addition to being focused on the effects of war on girls and women, shows that the author's attention is drawn to environmental concerns.