عنوان مقاله [English]
Novel is an important branch of children's and adolescents’ literature. The events resulting from the stages of growth, physical and mental maturity, crisis of individuality, love and various conflicts of this age are some of the topics raised in adolescents’ novels. In this particular literary genre, the conflict of the adolescent character in the story is depicted with the outside world or the world inside him, which is usually associated with the process of intellectual development. Eventually, the hero of the story must find a way to cope or overcome her/his crises. The fantasy novel is one of the most suitable ways to acquaint the adolescent audience with these external and internal conflicts. The importance of fantasy for adolescents is to communicate with their subconscious. Fantasy stories, without direct expression, in a symbolic context, makes the reader delve into her/his unconscious and confront her/his fears, anxieties and failures. Many characters, places and events in the fantasy world can arise from her/his conflicted psyche or repressed desires.
From this point of view, fantasy can be measured with dreams and the rules governing the interpretation and the decoding of dreams can be applied to it, something similar to the work of psychotherapists. With this method, the author can introduce the injuries and tensions deposited in the subconscious of the character of the story. Fantasy can be called the dream of the waking world.